By Deborah Jeanne Sergeant
While many men can become parents much later in life compared to most women, sperm banking may provide a means for men to preserve their fertility for a variety of reasons.
Physician Rob Kiltz, founder of CNY Fertility, said that although men’s fertility doesn’t decline as much as women’s, other factors have in general caused male fertility to decrease.
“Men more and more are being exposed to environmental factors, diabetes, autoimmune diseases, cancers that affect fertility even before they have a chance to bank sperm,” Kiltz said. “It may be more reasonable to bank sperm in their early to mid-20s before these things happen.”
Kiltz operates fertility offices that treat men and women in Rochester and other locations.
He explained that over the past 20 years, the quality of sperm has been changing, along with the shift of couples delaying children until their later 30s. As a result, more men find it difficult to father children.
“Many of the sperm abnormalities are related to morphology and function and DNA fragmentation and it’s only picked up on because the guy is infertile,” Kiltz said. “It might be that we don’t even notice these things because no one is trying to get pregnant up to that point. These things may be factors that if you had preserved your sperm in your early 20s, you maybe could have avoided.”
Other factors may also prompt men to consider sperm banking as young men. Some couples want permanent contraception and choose vasectomy; however, reversing vasectomy should they change their minds can be difficult and not always successful. Reversal also costs quite a bit of money — $5,000 to $20,000 — and isn’t covered by insurance, according to a search in several medical online sources.
“More and more men should consider it because of the issues they encounter that can affect their sperm,” Kiltz said. “Banking is more affordable than people think.”
He said that sperm banking costs a few hundred dollars initially and about $3,000 to store for 10 years.
“If a man is considering a vasectomy or permanent form of contraception, freezing sperm may give him opportunities to have children without a reversal or IVF,” Kiltz said. “A lot of men and women think they won’t want children when they’re young and want a form of contraception that won’t fail but if they change their mind in the future, they can use banked sperm rather than have a reversal.”
Employment or medical procedures that expose men to toxic chemicals, radiation or physical damage to the testicles is another reason to consider sperm preservation. Kiltz said that the success rate of conception is “very high” with sperm saved through cryopreservation.
Boys who experience cancer therapy before puberty can still preserve their chances of fatherhood. Kiltz said surgeons can remove testicular material and after their cancer treatment, it can be implanted again to allow them the opportunity to generate sperm.
In general, men can improve their chances of healthy sperm by avoiding drugs including marijuana alcohol, and smoking. Kiltz said that for diet, he promotes a keto or paleo diet.
He also believes it’s important for men to slow down.
“Enjoy more easy living and less treating your body like you live in a carnival,” he said. “Treat it like a temple.”